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Your kidneys play an essential role in maintaining a healthy body. Their primary function is to filter all the waste material from your blood and expel it out of your body in the form of urine. They are also responsible for controlling the levels of water and different essential minerals in the body. They have a critical role in the production of red blood cells, vitamin D, and hormones that regulate your blood pressure.
The liver performs over 500 vital functions, and this includes bile production which helps carry away waste and breaks down fats in the small intestine during digestion.
This Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) includes 6 different measurements used to detect and evaluate liver and kidney health. It is a full check-up for your body’s chemical balance and metabolism, testing fluid balance, levels of electrolytes – such as sodium and potassium - and how well your kidneys and liver are performing.
This is what the test will measure:
Serum Creatinine (SCr):
Creatine is a chemical made by the body and used to supply energy - mainly to muscles. Creatinine is a chemical waste product of creatine and is filtered from the body entirely by the kidneys. If your kidney function is impaired, the creatinine level in your blood will increase.
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN):
Your blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level shows the amount of urea nitrogen in your blood. Urea nitrogen is a waste product that your kidneys remove from your blood. Healthy kidneys take urea nitrogen out of your blood, so higher than normal BUN levels may be a sign that your kidneys aren't working as well as they should.
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)
AST is an enzyme found mostly in the liver. An AST blood test is often part of a routine blood screening to check the health of your liver. When cells that contain AST are damaged, they release the AST into your blood, from where a blood test can measure the amount of AST present.
Alanine Transaminase (ALT)
ALT is an enzyme found mostly in the liver; smaller amounts are also found in the kidneys, heart, and muscles. When the liver is damaged, ALT is released into the bloodstream, increasing the concentration that can be detected in a blood test. This often happens before more obvious symptoms of liver damage occur. The ALT test can determine if any form of liver disease is present.
Total bilirubin (Tbili)
Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that makes up a part of bile and is formed during the breaking down of red blood cells. Bilirubin passes through the liver and is eventually excreted out of the body. Higher than usual levels of bilirubin may indicate different types of liver or bile duct problems. Sometimes, higher bilirubin levels may be caused by an increased rate of destruction of red blood cells.
Albumin is a protein made by the liver. A serum albumin test measures the amount of this protein in the clear liquid portion of the blood. The role of albumin is to stop fluid from leaking out of blood vessels, to nourish tissues, and carry hormones, vitamins, drugs, and ions throughout the body.
An albumin blood test checks your liver and kidney function. Low albumin levels might be the result of kidney disease, liver disease, inflammation or infections. High albumin levels are usually the result of dehydration or severe diarrhea.
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